Americans are facing a critical inflection point as the nation grapples with the twin pandemics of COVID-19 and racial injustice.
COVID-19 has killed more than 445,000 people worldwide, more than 118,000 of them in the United States. In the midst of that pandemic, White Americans — angered by the brutal killing of Minnesota resident George Floyd by former police officer Derek Chauvin — are waking up to the challenges Black Americans face daily.
Experts at a June 19 panel organized by Ethnic Media Services detailed those challenges: Police brutality and overly-zealous policing, economic injustice, disparities in access to health care, higher levels of incarceration resulting in greater rates of recidivism, and a pervasive culture of casual racism.
COVID-19 has revealed the failures of a public health system based on the needs of White people, said Dr. Tung Nguyen, a professor of internal medicine at the UC San Francisco. The United States has the most expensive health care system in the world, but its outcomes are poor because it is focused on the wrong things, he said.
“The factors that contribute the most are low life expectancy or income quality, low levels of education and exposure to violence along with other key determinants, like jobs, housing and food insecurity and climate change. These are the proper topics for public health and for health care to work on in the future,” said Nguyen, who also directs the Asian American Research Center on Health.
“The state of race relations today in the United States is in a place I’ve never seen it,” said Constance “Connie” Rice, long-time civil rights activist and lawyer and co-founder and co-director of the Advancement Project in Los Angeles.
“This isn’t about people of color. This is the fourth major national discussion that White Americans have been having about how much racism they’re currently comfortable tolerating, how much White supremacy White Americans are going to condone and continue,” Rice said.
“For the first time, the majority of White people in America are saying, ‘Okay, we have to make a choice. We didn’t know we were part of the choice. We didn’t know we were in this conversation.’ It’s like watching whales discover they live in water, but now they’re starting to get consciousness. We’ll see where it goes.”
Rice said the young marchers around the globe have had an enormous effect on that consciousness.
“This is tectonic plate-level change, it’s seismic. And we don’t know what the politics are gonna ring on it,” she added. “We will see in November, whether they [White Americans] are going to go the white nationalist way or with the future, which is a multiracial democracy.”
The roots of American policing, she said, are ensconced in “slave patrols” meant to keep people “in place,” a mindset that is a “warrior mentality. It’s not about a bad apple. It’s about a toxic orchard and the entire culture.”
Manuel Pastor, professor of Sociology and American Studies and Ethnicity at USC, said overly-zealous policing of African-Americans was the tip of the iceberg in a culture that has consistently marginalized ethnic communities.
“One reason I think this moment has broken things up so significantly,” he said, “is because it comes on the heels of two big phenomena: three and a half years of Donald Trump, three and a half years of what looks like the rise of fascism in America, and simplistic economic strategy. And those years have been so brutal for people of color in the United States.”
Pastor, director of the Program for Environmental and Regional Equity at USC and USC’s Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration, noted the United States’ wide economic gap. African-Americans earn an average $17,000 per year, the least amount of any ethnic group, while White Americans earn an average $171,000, according to recent Bureau of Labor Statistics data.
“What that means is that when a crisis breaks, you’ve got no choice [but] to go back to work because you’ve got no wealth cushion on which to fall,” Pastor said, referring to the large number of African-Americans forced to work outside their homes during the pandemic, even as much of the nation was sheltering in place. He also cited African-Americans’ rate of incarceration and the difficulty of obtaining employment once out, which leads to high rates of recidivism.
Speaking about this month’s Supreme Court ruling that the Trump administration had incorrectly ended the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, Pastor said, “For the last three and a half years, the Trump administration has tormented 700,000 young people who are Americans in every way. We need to center the struggle against the anti-Black racism with the idea of broadening our perspective, so that Latinos, Asian Americans, indigenous folks, and other people of color and white allies can become part of the struggle.”
Marina Gorbis, executive director of the Institute for the Future, likened the United States to a “plantation economy” in which most people are “living on scraps.”
“I’m really hopeful in this moment that in addition to all the racial inequalities and policing and all these things that are now being revealed, that it’s also an opportunity for us to rethink some economic pillars — how we treat workers about what is deserved in this economy and who deserves these things.”
Asset inequality needs to be addressed, Gorbis said. She challenged the notion that “hero entrepreneurs” — of the sort who predominate the Silicon Valley — deserve greater assets than other workers, and she championed the notion of universal basic assets as “a right, not something you have to earn.”
“We all must have access to certain kinds of essential assets that enable us to lead good lives,” she said.